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Condom and its history

It is one of the oldest contraceptives against sexually transmitted diseases and unwanted pregnancy.

The Egyptians used a canvas condom 3,000 years ago and later on muscle tissue, animal and fish intestines. They also knew condoms in China and Japan and had several types (horn, tortoise shell, and thin skin).

The first mention of the use of a condom is in the engraving of the cave Combarelles, located in southern France, and the year is estimated to be 100 years AD. In the Middle Ages, linen condoms were used as protection against syphilis, soaked in various chemicals.

Anatomy and doctor Gabriele Falloppio in the 16th century in Italy wrote a treatise on syphilis. Syphilis causes severe symptoms and ended in death within a few months of the infection, and this documented strain of syphilis appeared in Europe. Falloppio described the use of a condom which is soaked in a chemical solution and allowed to dry before use. The cloths covered the acorn of the penis and were held by a ribbon. He claimed that experiments and testing of this condom proved protection against syphilis. Afterwards, a lot of literature was written across Europe.

In 1666, the English Obstetrics Commission described a declining birth rate in condom use. In the 18th century, the condom also used Casanova to prevent the conjugation of his mistresses. Since the 18th century the use of condoms, especially in religious as well as medical circles, has been considered immoral and undesirable for the nation. The main reason was the reduction of pregnancy due to condoms. Despite these views, the condom market grew rapidly. They were available in different quality and size. They were made from canvas treated with chemicals or from leather (intestine or bladder softened by the action of sulfur and lye). They were sold in a pub, barbershop, pharmacy, country market and theater (in Europe and Russia). Later they spread to America.

In the 19th century, many feminists expressed distrust of the condom as a contraceptive, because only the men decided to use the condom. Many countries have adopted laws to prevent the production and promotion of contraceptives. Nevertheless, condoms were promoted by traveling lecturers and as advertisements in newspapers. By the end of the 19th century, the condom was the most popular contraceptive in the world.

The German army was the first to promote the use of condoms among its soldiers at the end of the 19th century. At the beginning of the 20th century, US military experiments found that the provision of condoms to soldiers significantly reduced sexually transmitted diseases. The founder of psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud, was against a condom because he thought he was limiting sexual pleasure. In the 1920s, the main driver was the sleek packaging, a catchy name for marketing technology.

In the 21st century, a condom is a common part of most sexually active people. Condoms are now available in a variety of sizes, colors, flavors, materials and varieties. They are not only male condoms, but also female condoms.