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Corn Day

It always happens on 29 November each year.

Corinne Lightweaver created this day in 2004.

It is used worldwide as one of the basic ingredients of horse and cow feed. There are many varieties and colors. In the food industry, maize serves as a source of starch, oil, glucose, bioethanol and fructose syrup.

The corn was domesticated in Mexico, but according to a study it may have been native to South America. It came to Europe in the 16th and 17th centuries.

Corn plays a large role in many indigenous myths of legends. In pre-Columbian Mexico culture stories, people are first made from corn. In Mexico, corn is the main ingredient in almost all meals.

Originally, corn had only 25 millimeters long corn cobs and only 1 per plant. Corn is a robust grass that grows to a height of 0.5 - 6 meters. It is annual but wild species are hardy.

Corn is the main source of starch (corn starch - flour), cooking oil and corn gluten. Corn is a source for Bourbon whiskey and is sometimes used as a starch source for beer.

Corn is one of the genetically modified (GM) agricultural crops whose cultivation is allowed. In the EU, Monsanto MON 810 can grow a modified crop (genetically modified soy, oilseed rape, cotton). In MON 810 maize, inheritance information is coded to produce poison production. This poison is a Bt-toxin that kills insects that could harm the crop. The cultivation of genetically modified maize is banned in 6 EU countries due to possible negative environmental impacts. These are the countries of France, Greece, Austria, Hungary, Luxembourg and Germany. Most genetically modified maize is grown in the US, Canada, South Africa and Spain. Since 2005 it has been grown also in the Czech Republic. In Mexico, the cultivation of modified corn is prohibited.

Corn (sweet, yellow kernels) is 76% water, 19% carbohydrates, 3% protein and 1% fat. It is a source of vitamins B, thamine, niacin and pantothenic acid. Fiber, magnesium, essential minerals and phosphorus are contained in maize in moderate amounts.

Some people are allergic to maize and present with rash, swelling, itching of the mucous membranes, diarrhea, vomiting, asthma and sometimes also anaphylaxis (a serious allergic reaction that can cause death).

You can use the #NationalMaizeDay, #MaizeDay, or social network hashtag.