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International Mountain Day

It celebrates on December 11 each year.

Mountains are vital. Nearly 1 billion people live in these areas. More than half of people are dependent on the mountains for water, food and clean energy. Mountains are threatened by climate change, soil degradation, over-exploitation and natural disasters, with far-reaching and devastating consequences for both mountain communities and the world.

Mountains are indicators of climate change and the global climate is getting worse. The rising temperature also means that mountain glaciers melt at an unprecedented rate. This affects the supply of fresh water downstream for millions of people.

Climate change, climate variability and climate change disasters combined with political, economic and social (marginalization) situations increase the vulnerability of mountain peoples to food shortages and extreme poverty.

Most of the women remain to take care of the farm, but have limited access to credit, training and the right to land maintenance. Migration from these areas will result in an inestimable loss, mainly from the point of view of providing ecosystem services and preserving cultural and agro-biodiversity. Investments and policies can mitigate the harsh living conditions of mountain communities and reverse the trend of migration from these areas.

The mountains cover about 22% of the Earth's surface and provide 60-80% of the world's freshwater. Approximately 6 of the 20 most important crops come from the mountains (potatoes, corn, barley, apples, tomatoes).

The goal is to build alliances that bring positive change to mountain peoples and the world around.