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John Lennon


Today, December 8, 2020, is exactly 40 years since the assassination of Beatles singer John Lennon.



John Lennon was born on October 9, 1940 in Liverpool under the birth name John Winston Lennon. He was a composer, singer, peace activist but also a painter, actor and writer.

 

John was named after his grandfather from his father's tent, and his second name was Winston after the then British Prime Minister Winston Churchill. Father Alfred Lennon was a sailor who sent his wife Julia Lennon part of the paycheck, but in 1944 he ran away from the army and broke off contact with his family. Alfred returned home after half a year, but his wife Julia had another man with whom she was pregnant. Their marriage fell apart. John was raised by Aunt Mimi Smith. Alfred kidnapped John in July 1946 and wanted to go to New Zealand with him. Julia stopped him. Five-year-old John first chose the father he wanted to stay with, but then decided on his mother. He did not see his father Alfred until he was twenty years old.

In September 1956, at the age of fifteen, he founded the band Quarrymen, which became The Beatles, in 1960.

The Beatles consisted of John Lennon (backing guitar and vocals), Paul Mc Cartney (bass guitar and vocals), Ringo Star (occasional vocals and drums) and George Harrison (vocals and solo guitar). It was a rock band that was one of the most successful and critically acclaimed bands in the history of popular music. The group disbanded in 1970 when he and his wife Yoko Ono founded a new group, the Plastic Ono Band.

John Lenon was initially the leader of The Beatles, but gradually another member, Paul Mc Cartney, took on the role.

In an interview on March 4, 1966, he said that The Beatles were more popular than Jesus Christ. A wave of resistance broke out and radio stations boycotted the broadcasting of their music in the USA. They called for the Beatles to burn records. He later had to apologize for these words at a press conference in Chicago.

On August 23, 1962, Lennon married Cynthia Powell, his art schoolmate. They had a son, John Charles Julian Lennon, who was born on April 8, 1963. In addition to a large crowd of mistresses, Yoko Ono, with whom he began dating, helped to break up the marriage. Lennon divorced in November 1968 and Yoko Ono divorced her husband in February 1969. She had a daughter, Kyoko, with her husband. In May 1968, they became partners with Yoko Ono, an avant-garde Japanese artist. He married Yoko Ono on March 26, 1969 in Gibraltar. Yoko Ono gave birth to their son on October 9, 1975, whom they named Sean Ono Taro Lennon.

The Beatles' last performance was on Apple's rooftop in Saville Row in January 1969. In August 1969, Lennon announced to McCartney that he was leaving, but did not officially disclose this at Mc Cartney's request. McCartney officially announced Lennon's departure in April 1970, and the group disbanded.

His second solo album, released in September 1971, Imagine, was awarded to critics and listeners. In the album was the song Imagine where Lennon exhorts to live without property and peace.

He died on December 8, 1980 when he returned from a recording studio. Yoko Ono went ahead with her son Sean. Lennon walked through the front gate of their tenement house and Chapman called to him, "Mr. Lennon!" Lennon was already with his back to him and turned. At that moment, Chapman fired several shots at him and Lennon collapsed to the ground. Shortly after the shooting, police arrived and took the wounded Lennon to the hospital in a police car. He lost about 80% of his blood. Lennon died of hemorrhagic shock.

Lennon was shot by Mark David Chapman, who was mentally ill. Lennon had signed his new album Double Fantasy a few hours earlier.

Lennon has his star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. Liverpool Airport was renamed John Lennon Airport in 2001.






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