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World AIDS Day

It always falls on December 1 every year.

Or World AIDS Day was launched by the World Health Organization in 1988. HIV was first recorded in 1981 and tens of millions of people have been infected since then. The illness remains almost always incurable and deadly.

The goal is to raise awareness of this disease caused by HIV, as well as expressing support for people living with HIV and reminding those who died of HIV / AIDS. The symbol is a red ribbon. This is to point out the insidiousness of a disease that has not yet been developed. Worldwide, this day is full of activities that disseminate information about this disease, its origins, symptoms, treatment, and how to protect itself.

AIDS is a syndrome of acquired immune failure and is an incurable disease. It is caused by an HIV virus that infects cells of the immune system. They weaken their activity or die. When infection spreads in the body, the patient is more susceptible to infections, cancer and other illnesses. Before the patient develops HIV infection from HIV, it may take 10 to 15 years.

Risk groups are people between 18 and 25 years of age. Treatment can significantly slow down the disease.

There are several stages of disease when infecting with HIV. First, it is manifested by pain in the muscles, joints, fever, fatigue and malaise. After the disappearance, the affected person does not experience any signs of illness. Lymph nodes are then swollen and the immune system decreases. There comes a failure of the immune system. It is accompanied by fever, diarrhea, fatigue and weight loss. In the last stage, AIDS is a disease. The patient dies to fail the immune system as a result of commonly treatable diseases.

The origin of the sexual illness is the HIV virus and is transmitted with body fluids. AIDS is transmitted by blood. Risks include infectious needles, blood transfusions (now rarely), organ transplants. Risk areas include medical personnel handling blood. It is also transmitted through unprotected sexual intercourse between partners, frequent rotation of partners. HIV transmission is also possible from mother to child during pregnancy or childbirth. With appropriate treatment and caesarean section this risk can be significantly reduced. Possible transmission is also during lactation and therefore infected mothers should not breast-feed their infants.

Sexual abstinence, a long-term monogamous relationship with an unmarried partner, a limited number of life partners, the use of condoms during each sexual intercourse are prevented from the disease. The incubation time is 2 to 6 weeks, with flu-like symptoms of HIV. The presence of HIV can be detected by blood tests. Currently, antiretroviral virostatics are used during treatment.

It is important to behave responsibly, to use clean disposable needles, not to partner with, and use a condom in sexual intercourse.